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Health & Fitness

  • Cancer found in ancient foot

    Cancer found in ancient foot

    A fossilised human foot bone from South Africa dating back 1.7 million years contains the oldest evidence of malignant cancer on record. Scientists discovered signs of osteosarcoma, an aggressive form of bone cancer, in a metatarsal – one of the...

  • Smaller babies may need special car seat harnesses

    Smaller babies may need special car seat harnesses

    Restraints in infant car seats fit most newborns poorly, and low-birthweight infants in particular may not be well protected, Australian researchers say. In their small study, fewer than one in five normal- and low-birthweight babies achieved a...

  • Ice Bucket Challenge leads to major scientific breakthrough

    Ice Bucket Challenge leads to major scientific breakthrough

    Researchers discover motor neurone disease gene thanks to fundraising campaign that encouraged celebs to douse themselves with freezing water Celebrities who doused themselves with freezing cold water for charity have helped scientists make a...

  • Scientists find potential new antibiotic hiding under their noses

    Scientists find potential new antibiotic hiding under their noses

    Scientists in Germany have discovered a bacteria hiding out in peoples’ noses that produces an antibiotic compound that can kill several dangerous pathogens, including the superbug MRSA. The early-stage finding, reported in the journal Nature on...

  • ‘Hour’s walk can cancel out eight hours behind a desk’

    ‘Hour’s walk can cancel out eight hours behind a desk’

    Study urges employers to understand staff taking short breaks because even a visit to a coffee machine could reduce harm caused by sitting for too long An hour of moderate physical activity per day is enough to cancel out the deadly effect of...

  • Eye and smell tests may reveal early dementia signs

    Simple eye and smell tests could be used to spot dementia years before sufferers experience memory symptoms, new research suggests. Researchers at Moorfields Eye Hospital and the UCL Institute of Ophthalmology found a link between poor cognitive...

  • Nose bacterium proves lethal to MRSA superbug

    A bacterium that lives in the human nose produces an antibiotic lethal to the MRSA superbug, scientists have discovered. The new drug, named lugdunin, is made naturally by Staphylococcus lugdunensis, one of a number of different kinds of microbe...

  • Ice Bucket Challenge craze has led to ALS breakthrough

    Ice Bucket Challenge craze has led to ALS breakthrough

    Remember the Ice Bucket Challenge craze? The campaign that encouraged millions of people to dump buckets of ice-cold water over their heads raised enough money to help make an important research breakthrough, the international ALS Association has...

  • US may change blood donation policy for gay men

    US may change blood donation policy for gay men

    The US Food and Drug Administration has opened a door to a change in its blood donor policies, which currently prohibit donations from gay men for a year following their last sexual encounter.   In December, the administration overturned a 30-year...

  • Solar-powered machine turns urine into drinking water

    Solar-powered machine turns urine into drinking water

    A team of scientists at a Belgian university say they have created a machine that turns urine into drinkable water and fertilizer using solar energy, a technique which could be applied in rural areas and developing countries. While there are other...

  • Childhood diseases don’t affect life expectancy, study finds

    Childhood diseases don’t affect life expectancy, study finds

    Contrary to earlier beliefs, infections common in childhood do not affect life expectancy later on in life, a new study has shown. Earlier studies had suggested that inflammatory diseases in childhood, such as measles, smallpox and whooping cough...

  • First baby with Zika-related birth defect born in New York City

    First baby with Zika-related birth defect born in New York City

    New York City has reported its first case of a baby born with the birth defect microcephaly related to exposure to the Zika virus, health officials said. New York City Department of Health officials said the baby's mother was infected after...

  • Alcohol now linked to seven types of cancer

    Alcohol now linked to seven types of cancer

    There is strong evidence that alcohol causes seven types of cancer and probably others, a review has concluded. A study of existing research found strong evidence of a direct, harmful effect of drinking, even though scientists are unsure of the...

  • TV noise can hinder toddlers picking up new words

    TV noise can hinder toddlers picking up new words

    Background noise from the radio or TV can make it harder for toddlers to learn new words, research suggests. Scientists conducted experiments in which children aged around two were taught new words while hearing soft or loud background...

  • Extreme sitting may lead to increased heart risk disease

    Being sedentary, at least in moderation, is unlikely to cause heart disease, according to a new review of past research. Based on their analysis, researchers conclude that only very high levels of sedentary time – more than 10 hours per day – are...

  • Argentine women protest over shaming of public breastfeeding

    Argentine women protest over shaming of public breastfeeding

    Mothers in Buenos Aires come out in defence of the right to breast-feed in public after a woman was threatened with arrest for breast-feeding in public.   22-year-old Costanza Santos was threatened with arrest for breast-feeding her...

  • Prescription for high blood pressure

    Prescription for high blood pressure

    How common is it that one walks into the gym suffering from high blood pressure? How often has a client been referred by a general practitioner to start an exercise programme to lower their blood pressure? Are we aware that stress has the tendency...

  • Can you hear me?

    Can you hear me?

    Hearing loss can have many causes. There is no doubt that age-related hearing loss is the most common human auditory disorder, affecting about 40 per cent of those over the age of 75, worldwide (J. Am. Geriatr. Soc., 1995). However, hearing loss...

  • Some of the things we need fixing

    Some of the things we need fixing

    While eagerly awaiting the start of the Rio 2016 Summer Olympic Games in just under two weeks’ time, I'm always attentive to updates I catch on TV or elsewhere. If you’re close by and utter the words, “the Olympics,” then as long as I’m in earshot...

  • Community set up to provide lifestyle guidance

    The increase in obesity levels has been somewhat alarming in the past few years – sedentary lifestyles and lack of guidance on how to create a good work-life balance are major contributing factors to this issue. With this in mind the...

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