Tunisian Government wins assembly approval
The Islamist-led parliament will serve only until an election later this year
Tunisia’s new Islamist-led government won a confidence vote yesterday, as the death of an unemployed man who had set himself on fire in despair underscored the scale of its task.
Prime Minister Ali Larayedh has said the government, which was backed by 139 of the National Constituent Assembly’s 217 members, would serve only until an election later in the year.
Tunisia, economically struggling and deeply polarised between Islamists and their opponents, is in the throes of a political transition that began with the overthrow of strongman Zine al-Abidine Ben Ali in a popular uprising two years ago.
The revolt was sparked by the death of Mohammed Bouazizi, a street vendor who torched himself on December 17, 2010 after a policewoman seized his fruit cart in the town of Sidi Bouzid.
Adel Kedhri, 27, was the latest of several Tunisians to emulate Bouazizi’s fiery protest. A medical source said he had died in hospital after setting himself alight in the centre of Tunis, the capital, on Tuesday.
“We received the message,” Larayedh said of Khedhri’s death yesterday, without com-menting further.
Presenting his government’s programme the previous day, he said its priorities would be tackling unemployment, now at 17 per cent, and rising prices, along with providing security.
The economic and social problems that fuelled Tunisia’s uprising have yet to be solved and often spark unrest. Feuding politicians have missed deadlines to produce a new constitution and set dates for parliamentary and presi-dential elections.
The malaise worsened when secular politician Chokri Belaid was assassinated in broad daylight on February 6 in what the authorities say was an attack by Salafi Islamist militants.
The previous government collapsed after the killing, which touched off days of mass street protests.
The new one, led by the moderate Islamist Ennahda party along with two junior secular coalition partners, resembles its predecessor, although in a concession to its critics Ennahda has ceded control of some key ministries to independents.
The assembly, split over Islam’s role in society and over the powers of president and parliament, will vote later today or Thursday on a new timetable for the constitution and elections.
Those polls would end a transitional period in which Tunisia has had four interim governments since Ben Ali’s overthrow.
Protests and strikes planned in Tunisia over the next few weeks will test the new government’s ability to repair its shaky finances – and may affect its efforts to secure a $1.78 billion loan from the International Monetary Fund.
In contrast to neighbouring Egypt, where political unrest has put most economic reforms on hold, Tunisia is pressing ahead with tax rises and subsidy cuts to reduce this year’s projected budget deficit of six per cent of the Gross Domestic Product.
Last week authorities raised most fuel prices for the second time in six months, lifting petrol prices at the pump by 6.8 per cent. Taxes on alcohol increased this month, and several weeks ago the state-controlled milk price rose.
Also this month, the government imposed a levy of one per cent on salaries above 1,700 dinars ($1,075) per month to help fund remaining subsidies on fuel and food.
The steps have met a storm of public criticism. The Tunisian Organization for Consumer Protection, a consumer advocacy group, has called for protests on Friday against the fuel price hike and inflation in general, which could draw thousands of people.
Taxi drivers plan a one-day strike on Monday. Petrol station owners have set a three-day strike in April, saying higher fuel prices will encourage smuggling of petrol from Libya.
“After the spread of poverty and unemployment, now the middle class is suffering,” said Salem Ben Naceur, a 35-year-old teacher in Tunis. “We can’t support deducting one per cent of salaries, or the crazy rise of food prices and now fuels.”