As Syria violence rages on, Turkey reinforces border
Two magnetic bombs go off in judges’ cars
Twin bombs exploded outside the Palace of Justice in Damascus yesterday as deadly violence raged across the country and Turkey deployed missile batteries along its volatile border with Syria.
In central Damascus, three people were wounded when bombs blasted a car park outside the court complex, state media reported.
A police source said two magnetic bombs exploded in judges’ cars and a third was defused.
Elsewhere, violence killed at least 69 people, including 38 civilians, after one of the bloodiest days of the 15-month revolt left at least 149 dead on Wednesday, a watchdog said.
Yesterday’s heaviest toll was in the northern Damascus suburb of Douma, where 18 civilians, 12 from one family, were killed when troops clashed with rebel fighters, said the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights.
The day’s death toll also included 23 soldiers and eight rebels, said the watchdog, adding that regime forces backed by helicopters pounded several areas of the eastern city of Deir Ezzor.
More than 15,800 people have been killed since the uprising began in March 2011, including nearly 4,700 since April 12, when a UN-backed ceasefire was supposed to have taken effect, the Observatory says.
Meanwhile, Turkey has sent missile batteries, tanks and troops to the border as a “security corridor” after Syria shot down a Turkish warplane last Friday, media reports said. There was no official confirmation, but state-run TRT television showed dozens of military vehicles reportedly heading for the border, in a convoy that included air defence systems.
About 30 military vehicles accompanied by a truck towing missile batteries left a base in the southeastern province of Hatay for the border, about 50 kilometres away, Milliyet newspaper reported.
The Turkish Phantom F-4 jet was downed by Syrian fire over the eastern Mediterranean in what Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan called a “heinous attack” over international waters.
On the political front, world powers yesterday were preparing for a crucial meeting on ways to end the conflict and to discuss a plan by peace envoy Kofi Annan for an interim government. The meeting in Geneva, agreed only after wrangling between Moscow and Washington over the agenda and the guest list, will be attended by some regional governments but not by rival Middle East heavyweights Iran and Saudi Arabia.
Annan spokesman Ahmad Fawzi said delegates of countries attending the talks would gather in Geneva today for a “preparatory meeting.” However, Russia has already poured cold water on tomorrow’s meeting, with Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov saying Moscow rejects Western pressure for the ouster of President Bashar al-Assad.
Diplomats at the UN revealed on Wednesday that Mr Annan is proposing setting up a transitional govern-ment to include representatives of both sides in the Syria conflict. The proposed interim authority would exclude officials whose presence might jeopardise the transition “or undermine efforts to bring reconciliation,” according to a summary given by one UN diplomat.
“The language of Mr Annan’s plan suggests that Mr Assad could be excluded but also that certain opposition figures could be ruled out,” said another UN diplomat.
The Geneva meeting was agreed only after protracted wrangling between Moscow and Washington.
US officials had warned that US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton could stay away from the conference if transition from Mr Assad’s rule was not on the agenda.
Russia also insists Iran should be part of the solution to Syria’s conflict.
“Iran is an influential player in this situation and to leave it out of the Geneva meeting, I believe, is a mistake,” Mr Lavrov said on Thursday.
And Mr Assad’s fate “must be decided within the framework of a Syrian dialogue by the Syrian people themselves” without foreign interference, he insisted.
Ms Clinton, who is meeting Mr Lavrov in Saint Petersburg today, rejected any idea that Mr Annan was proposing a transition imposed from outside.
“In his transition document it is a Syrian-led transition, but you have to have a transition that complies with international standards on human rights, accountable governance, the rule of law,” she said.
The opposition Syrian National Council, meanwhile, said it would boycott any government if Mr Assad stays.
SNC spokesman George Sabra told AFP the group’s position “remains that the opposition would not partiipate in any political project unless Bashar al-Assad is removed from power.”