Spain's economy 'will get worse'
Spain's grinding economic misery will get worse this year despite the country's request for a European financial lifeline of up to 100 billion euro to save its banks, Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy said today.
A day after the country conceded it needed outside help following months of denying it would seek assistance, Mr Rajoy said more Spaniards will lose their jobs in a country where one out of every four are already unemployed.
"This year is going to be a bad one," Mr Rajoy said today in his first comments about the rescue since it was announced the previous evening by his economy minister.
The conservative prime minister added that the economy, stuck in its second recession in three years, will still contract the previously predicted 1.7% even with the help.
Small businesses and families starving for credit will get eventually relief as the funding props up banks and they increase lending, but Mr Rajoy did not offer guidance on when.
Spain yesterday became the fourth, and largest, of the 17 countries that use Europe's common currency to request a bailout - a big blow to a nation that a few years ago took pride as the continent's economic superstar only to see it become the hot spot in the eurozone debt crisis.
Its economy is the eurozone's fourth largest after Germany, France and Italy.
Across the country, Spaniards reacted with a mixture of anger and relief to the news.
The amount of the rescue fund, if all is tapped, amounts to 21,000 euro of new debt for each person in the nation of 47 million where the average annual salary for those with work is about the same amount and the unemployment rate for those under age 25 is 52%.
The country is already reeling from deep austerity cuts Mr Rajoy has imposed over the last six months that have raised taxes, made it easier to hire and fire workers, and cut deep into cherished government programs including education and national health care.
"It's obviously a shame," civil servant Luisa Saraguren, 44, said. "But this bailout was fully predictable, and the consequences of this help are going to be a lot bigger compared to the cuts we've been living with already."
Mr Rajoy took pains to avoid the word bailout yesterday, saying Spain's rescue package is a line of credit that its most troubled banks will be able to tap with no outside control over government macroeconomic policy like that imposed Greece, Ireland and Portugal when their public finances were bailed out.
He said interest rates on the loans will be considerably lower than the rate near 7% that Spain has been forced to pay recently on the international debt markets, a level that forced the other countries to seek bailouts.
Spain will regain the economic credibility it has lost by shoring up its banks, which will result in credit being restored so businesses and individuals shut off from loans can start borrowing and the economy will grow again, Mr Rajoy insisted, again without saying when.
Europe's widening recession and financial crisis has hurt companies and investors around the world. Providing a financial lifeline to Spanish banks is likely to relieve anxiety on the Spanish economy, which is five times larger than Greece's, and on markets concerned about the country's ability to pay its way.
Spain's financial problems are not due to Greek-style government overspending. The country's banks particularly its savings banks or "cajas", got caught up in the collapse of a real estate bubble in 2008 that got worse over the past four years.
However, as Spain's leaders have struggled for a solution to their banking crisis, the country's borrowing costs have soared close to the level that forced the governments of Greece, Portugal and Ireland to seek rescues.
Some of Spain's banks are struggling with toxic real estate loans and assets amid fears the problem will get worse as more jobless people cannot pay their mortgages.
The Bank of Spain says the toxic loans and assets total around 180 billion euro. Nationalised lender Bankia SA, which has requested 19 billion euro in aid, has 32 billion euro in toxic assets. Around four other banks serving the domestic market are considered prime candidates for bailouts.
"I could never get my mind round the scale of consumption in Spain over the past 20 years, having known it in the 1960s when it was still extremely poor," said Paul Preston, a history professor and expert on Spain with the London School of Economics.
"Lots of people enjoyed the consumer boom, but not everybody. Now everybody's having to pay for it."
Mr Rajoy blamed Spain's woes on the previous Socialist administration of Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero without mentioning him or his government by name.
Mr Zapatero was ousted by Mr Rajoy in a landslide last November by voters outraged over the Socialist handling of the economy.
"Last year Spain's public administration spent 90 billion euro more than it took in, this can't be maintained, we can't live like that," Rajoy said.
But Socialist Party leader Alfredo Perez Rubalcaba said Mr Rajoy should acknowledge that Spain is now in bailout territory.
"The government is trying to make us believe that we've won the lottery, that the Three Kings of Orient have arrived, and that isn't so," Mr Rubalcaba said.
After his press conference, Mr Rajoy defended his decision to jet off an hour later to Poland to see Spain's national football team take on Italy in the Euro 2012 competition.
He said he would be on the ground in Gdansk only for the game before flying back to Madrid tonight.
"I'll be there two and a half hours and then I'll leave," Mr Rajoy said. "I think the national team deserves it."