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Malta has highest per capita rate of asylum applications

Malta last year had the highest rate of asylum applications in the EU when compared to population size, EU figures issued today show.

The rate of applications registered in Malta was 5,800 'per million inhabitants' followed by Cyprus(3 300), Sweden (2 600), Belgium (2 000) and Austria (1 900).

In 2009, there were nearly 261 000 asylum applicants registered in the EU27, or 520 applicants per million inhabitants. The main countries of citizenship of these applicants were Afghanistan (20 400 or 8% of the total number of applicants), Russia (20 100 or 8%), Somalia (19 100 or 7%), Iraq (18 700 or 7%) and Kosovo.

Highest number of applicants recorded in France, Germany and UK

In 2009, the highest number of applicants were registered in France (47 600 applicants) followed by Germany (31 800), the United Kingdom3 (30 300), Sweden (24 200), Belgium (21 600), Italy (17 500), the Netherlands (16 100), Greece (15 900) and Austria (15 800).

In some Member States, a large proportion of the applicants came from a single country. The Member States with the highest concentrations were Malta (60% of the applicants came from Somalia), Lithuania (54% from Russia), Poland (54% from Russia), Hungary (38% from Kosovo) and the Netherlands (37% from Somalia).

First instance decisions

In 2009 in the EU27, 229 500 first instance decisionswere made on asylum applications. There were 166 900 rejections (73% of decisions), 27 600 applicants (12%) were granted refugee status, 26 200 (11%) subsidiary protection and 8 900 (4%) were granted authorisation to stay for humanitarian reasons. It should be noted that first instance decisions made in 2009 may refer to applications registered in previous years.

The proportion of positive decisions varies considerably among Member States, with Malta the mst generous.

First instance decisions, 2009

Total decisions Positive decisions Of which: Rejections
Refugee status Subsidiary protection Humanitarian reasons
EU27 229 510 62 650 27 630 26 165 8 855 166 860
Belgium 14 365 2 910 2 425 480 - 11 460
Bulgaria 645 270 40 230 - 375
Czech Republic 530 100 60 20 20 430
Denmark 1 650 790 350 345 95 860
Germany 26 780 9 765 8 155 405 1 205 17 015
Estonia 25 5 5 0 - 20
Ireland 4 040 1 030 105 40 885 3 010
Greece 14 350 165 35 105 25 14 185
Spain 4 480 350 180 160 10 4 135
France 35 295 5 050 3 910 1 145 - 30 240
Italy 22 000 8 440 2 115 4 845 1 480 13 560
Cyprus 3 855 1 130 50 1 040 40 2 725
Latvia 40 10 0 5 - 35
Lithuania 145 40 10 30 - 100
Lux
465 110 110 0 - 355
Hungary 1 805 390 170 60 155 1 415
Malta 2 575 1 690 20 1 660 10 885
N'lands 16 355 7 905 695 3 270 3 940 8 455
Austria 14 815 3 220 1 885 1 335 - 11 600
Poland 6 580 2 525 130 2 330 65 4 055
Portugal 95 50 5 45 - 45
Romania 540 115 50 10 55 430
Slovenia 130 20 15 5 - 110
Slovakia 315 180 15 135 30 140
Finland 2 650 960 75 805 80 1 690
Sweden 23 930 7 095 1 480 4 970 640 16 840
United Kingdom 31 040 8 350 5 545 2 685 125 22 690
Iceland 30 5 0 0 5 25
Liech 80 0 0 - 0 75
Norway 14 700 4 510 1 755 1 630 1 125 10 190
Swiss 12 695 6 025 2 505 735 2 780 6 670
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